What is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 protects people from sex discrimination in educational programs and activities at institutions that receive federal financial assistance. The University is committed to providing an environment free from discrimination on the basis of sex, which includes sexual misconduct.

Who is Sewanee’s Title IX coordinator?

Dr. Sylvia Gray (931.598.1420, Woods Lab 138, smgray@sewanee.edu or titleix@sewanee.edu)


The current secretary of education is Miguel Cardona, who was confirmed by the Senate on March 1, 2021.

The United States secretary of education is the head of the U.S. Department of Education. The secretary serves as the principal advisor to the president of the United States, and the federal government, on policies, programs, and activities related to all education in the United States. As a member of the Cabinet of the United States, the secretary is fifteenth in the line of succession to the presidency.

See the link [here] to read more on the direct answer to the question of the role of the secretary of education and how it affects you. [Here] is a link to the Department of Education's description of the role of the secretary. 

What is “Clery reporting”?

The University prepares an annual report to comply with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act. The Clery Act (20 USC § 1092(f)) is a federal law that requires colleges and universities across the United States to disclose information about crime on and around their campuses. It requires colleges and universities to:

  • publish an Annual Security Report by October 1, documenting three calendar years of select campus crime statistics
  • maintain a public crime log
  • disclose crime statistics for incidents that occur on campus, in unobstructed public areas immediately adjacent to campus, and at certain non-campus facilities

The University's annual report is prepared by a team bringing together several offices and departments: the Office of the Dean of Students, in the College of Arts and Sciences; the Office of Institutional Research; the Office of Legal Counsel; the Marketing and Communications Department; and the Sewanee Police Department. The report is e-mailed to the entire campus community and can be found on the University website.

What’s the difference between the reporting requirements of Title IX and the Clery Act for cases of sex Discrimination?

While both Title IX and the Clery Act contain reporting requirements concerning cases of sex discrimination, the requirements are not identical.

Title IX provides that no person may be subjected to discrimination on the basis of sex under any educational program receiving federal financial assistance. A school must respond promptly and effectively to sexual harassment, including sexual violence. When responsible employees know about possible sex discrimination, they must report what they know to the Title IX coordinator or other school designee that is listed within their policy. The University must respond to sexual violence that occurs in the context of a school’s education programs and activities (including academic, educational, extracurricular, athletic, and other programs, whether those programs take place in a school’s facilities, on a school bus, at a class or training program sponsored by the school at another location, or elsewhere).

Under the Clery Act, the University must disclose accurate and complete crime statistics for incidents that are reported to campus security authorities and local law enforcement as having occurred on or near the campus (crimes include criminal homicide, rape and other sexual assaults, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, and others). “Clery Geography” includes three general categories: campus (academic buildings, residence halls, Greek houses, etc.); non-campus property owned or controlled by a recognized student organization; and public property within the reasonably contiguous geographic area of the institution (sidewalks, streets, etc.).

What does “on campus” mean at Sewanee for Clery reporting?

Much of Sewanee’s Domain beyond central campus is regularly used by students, for research and outdoor lab work, recreation, socializing, and special events. The University therefore defines “on campus” for purposes of Clery reporting as the area bounded by the Perimeter Trail. For purposes of crime reporting, the downtown area, the Sewanee Market, Lake Cheston, and part of the Mountain Goat Trail are all considered to be on campus. Sidewalks and streets on campus fall into the “public property” category. Examples of “non-campus” property include Lost Cove and Lake Dimmick.

What is Sex Discrimination and how does it differ from Sexual Misconduct?

Sex Discrimination is a broad term that encompasses several forms of prohibited conduct. For example, sex discrimination includes sexual misconduct such as non-consensual sexual contact, non-consensual sexual intercourse, sexual exploitation, sexual harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking. Sex Discrimination under Title IX only includes sexual harassment. Sexual harassment as defined by Title IX includes sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking. 
*Sexual misconduct is a form of discrimination under federal civil rights laws. Most forms of sexual misconduct also constitute crimes in Tennessee and throughout the United States.

*You may see Sex Discrimination and Sexual Misconduct used interchangeably, however sexual misconduct is a form of sex discrimination. The all encompassing term is sex discrimination. 


Generally speaking, confidentiality refers to personal information shared with another individual or within a process that generally cannot be divulged or shared to a third party without [your] consent or knowledge.  In other words, if you share information with a confidential resource or to persons within a confidential process, then that "resource or process" will not share that information publicly (without a legal process compelling such disclosure). If information is shared with your consent or knowledge, then that information will be kept within what is typically a small group of people/persons who have a right or need to know. 

can i be forced into participating in a title ix process?

No! The Title IX office nor any other party can force anyone to participate in a Title IX process. 


From page 2014 of the Title IX Regulations: Formal complaint means a document filed by a complainant or signed by the Title IX Coordinator alleging sexual harassment against a respondent and requesting that the recipient investigate the allegation of sexual harassment. At the time of filing a formal complaint, a complainant must be participating in or attempting to participate in the education program or activity of the recipient with which the formal complaint is filed. A formal complaint may be filed with the Title IX Coordinator in person, by mail, or by electronic mail, by using the contact information required to be listed for the Title IX Coordinator under § 106.8(a), and by any additional method designated by the recipient. As used in this paragraph, the phrase “document filed by a complainant” means a document or electronic submission (such as by electronic mail or through an online portal provided for this purpose by the recipient) that contains the complainant’s physical or digital signature, or otherwise indicates that the complainant is the person filing the formal complaint. 

**SEE PAGE 10 of the University's Title IX Policy for the policy definition of "formal complaint" (which is based on the above regulations).  A formal complaint is required regardless of if the individual wishes to pursue and investigation or not. 


A formal compliant is required prior to an action and can only be filed by the complainant (person filing a complaint or alleging a violation/harm) or the Title IX Coordinator. A report serves as information and can be submitted by anyone who wishes to make a good faith report regarding a possible violation of the University's Title IX/Sex Discrimination Policy. A report can be submitted without a formal complaint, but a formal complaint should ideally have a report associated with it.  

i understand that investigations are part of title ix as a formal process, but where can i find information about an informal process?

Informal processes do not require an investigation and are determined on a cases-by-case basis. Both parties must agree to enter into an informal process prior to its initiation.  Refer to page 21 of the Title IX/Sex Discrimination Policy. Informal Processes must be discussed with the Title IX office and must be accompanied by a signed formal complaint. 

Why aren’t all cases of sex discrimination turned over to the police?

Complainants (those who are bringing a complaint or report of harm) may take action through the student discipline process, through the criminal justice system, or through both. When the complainant is known -- some reports are anonymous and give only gender and the location of alleged incident -- the complainant is put in contact with law enforcement, and the complainant's options are fully presented. The University encourages complainants to consult fully about legal options.

A complainant may choose not to pursue criminal action, and the University's experience has been that students and employees rarely choose the criminal process. When an individual decides to turn to the police with a report of sex discrimination, the University can simultaneously conduct its own investigation of the allegation and take appropriate action as required by Title IX.

Can reports of sex discrimination be submitted anonymously?

Yes. The University has an online reporting system that allows for anonymous reports. In addition, reports to University Counseling Service or University Health Services, to the University Chaplains, or to off-campus rape crisis resources can be kept confidential. Certain statistics concerning these incidents, rather than detailed information, must be reported to comply with federal requirements. Other employees are obligated to report all incidents of sexual misconduct to the Office of the Dean of Students and the Title IX Coordinator.

The Office for Civil Rights has issued guidance that “the [University] should take all reasonable steps to investigate and respond to the Report consistent with the request for confidentiality or request not to pursue an investigation.” The University’s ability to respond is limited when an incident is reported without specific names. More than half of the incidents reported in 2013 were anonymous.

How are student penalties/Sanctions for sex discrimination determined?

Filing a formal complaint of sex discrimination against another student could result in a resolution process in which formal disciplinary action is taken if the respondent is found responsible. Possible sanctions include, but are not limited to, warning, probation, suspension, and expulsion. Students involved may also be required to attend appropriate drug or alcohol rehabilitation programs or other types of counseling.

Sex Discrimination includes a range of behaviors of varying degrees of severity. The sanctions available for these behaviors are intended to reflect the facts and circumstances of a particular case as best they can be determined, and are premised on the University’s role as an educational institution.

The decision of whether or not a student is responsible for the alleged charges depends upon "preponderance of evidence.” A “preponderance of evidence” means that there is 51% certainty that the respondent is responsible for a violation of the sex discrimination policy, and this standard of evidence is mandated by the Office for Civil Rights. 

Are parents or guardians notified?

The University reserves the right to notify parents/guardians of dependent students regarding any health or safety risk, change in student status, or conduct situation, particularly concerning alcohol and other drug violations. When a student is not dependent, the University will contact parents/guardians to inform them of situations in which there is a significant health and/or safety risk.

Can my hearing be held over a platform such as Zoom?

Yes. Please see [this link] regarding the use of technology, such as Zoom, at Sewanee. Click on the option that best fits your role (i.e. student, faculty, or staff). You will find instructions for Zoom and other instructions regarding the use of technology. 

i have questions about a no contact order (NCO). what are some things i should know?

First, No Contact Orders (NCOs) are enforced through the University's discipline or conduct processes. No Contact Orders typically involve three parties; the two with a conflict and the University. A No Contact Order is not one-sided; it is mutual. Both parties are restricted from communication, places, and interactions with one another. Even if one individual "files" a NCO, what they are ideally doing is making a request for the University to review and approve the need for a mutual NCO between both parties. The No Contact Order is not "against" the opposing party, but rather includes both parties and the University. 

A request must be made to have a NCO put in place for a specified amount of time. Simply requesting or having an NCO request approved does not imply any judgement regarding the factual nature of the incident. Neither party is deemed responsible for any violation of the University's policies. An NCO is a support measure rather than a disciplinary process; however, if a NCO is violated, the violation is handled through the appropriate discipline office.

When requests are approved, the expectation is that both individuals will refrain from approaching one another at any time; calling one another at any time; send via email, campus or regular mail anything to one another; contacting or communicating with one another - including through a third party - in any way at any time; entering each others residence halls at any time; and entering each other's Greek Houses where official membership is held - at any time (Greek affiliates are not recognized by the University). It is rare that a No Contact Order is not approved, but each approval is on a case-by-base basis. 

What is the University doing, beyond discipline, to combat sex discrimination?

The University’s efforts fall into five main categories:

  1. Monitoring. The University routinely evaluates the campus environment to understand students' experiences, especially concerning social activities, patterns of behavior, and students' health and safety.
  2. Prevention. Based on these assessments of campus culture, the University develops prevention programs to address concerns strategically.
  3. Response. When incidents happen, the University's response includes supporting students and their friends, preserving evidence, gathering critical information, providing medical response, informing victims of their options, and creating an environment that feels safe.
  4. Partnerships. The University has entered into a partnership with medical professionals from area emergency departments, and works as well with the Franklin County Sheriff's Department and the District Attorney's Office to ensure readiness and cooperation.
  5. Training. The University trains students on effective bystander intervention. Residential life staff, Greek leaders, Women's Center residents, and peer educators all receive basic training on prevention and response. Staff members involved in the investigation and hearing process receive training to understand the issues and prepare for their roles.

The University has instituted a range of programs to promote respect on campus, prevent sex discrimination, and encourage reporting when misconduct does occur:

  • ReThink: Respect and Dignity, a task force begun in 2012, engaged the broad topic of respect, including respect for self, respect for others, and respect for the welfare of the community.
  • Following the recommendations of this task force, the University focused efforts during the 2013-14 academic year in key areas: prevention, reporting, investigations, and training. All are ongoing.
  • Prevention efforts have included bystander intervention training, "Choices 101" first-year programming, campus-wide events, and a value-based “know thyself” program.
  • Reporting and investigation efforts have included the facilitation of an environment of transparency and trust among students, faculty, staff and the broader Sewanee community; developing a SHARE -- Sexual Harassment & Assault Resource Educators -- team; improving the gathering of information, including allowing anonymous reports; and developing a clear, published enforcement process.
  • The University is working to establish the Sexual Assault Response Team, or SART, which is a partnership between the Franklin County Sheriff's Department, the District Attorney's office, the Southern Tennessee Regional Health System (formerly Emerald Hodgson Hospital), and the University, especially involving deans, health and counseling services, and the Women's Center.
  • Training efforts have included values-based education in small groups, peer education programs, and the training of all participants in relevant processes. Staff from the Chattanooga Rape Crisis Center provided training for key health and counseling staff, police, members of the SHARE team, and the Faculty Discipline Committee. (In 2014-15 this Committee is evolving into a University Conduct Committee.)
  • All incoming first-year students are now required to complete an on-line alcohol education course containing a module on sex discrimination/sexual misconduct t that focuses on intervention and bystander behavior.
  • Student organizations, including the Women’s Center and Greek organizations, have taken part in the planning and implementation of these efforts. 

Link to the Tennessee Sex Offender Registry

Link to Sex Offenders near Sewanee, TN

Where can I find more information?

Information may be found on several related topics in the annual Security and Fire Safety report (updated each October 1)